While the exact cause of rosacea is unknown, a wide range of environmental, physical, and emotional factors are known to provoke flare-ups. Learning to identify your triggers can help you manage your rosacea symptoms.
Rosacea triggers vary from person to person and may include one or more of the following:
- Sun exposure
- Certain foods, such as hot soups, dairy products (like yogurt and sour cream), chocolate, some fruits (including citrus and tomatoes), spicy foods, broadleaf beans and pods (like lima, navy, and pea), and foods high in histamine (like cheese [except cottage cheese], eggplant, spinach, and vinegar)
- Hot beverages
- Certain skin care products
- Scrubs, toners, and heavy or waterproof foundation
- Products that contain alcohol, witch hazel, menthol, peppermint, eucalyptus oil, or fragrance
- Temperature extremes (really hot, cold, windy, or blustery weather)
- Stress, anger, or embarrassment
- Certain medical conditions, such as menopause and chronic cough
- Medications, such as niacin, sympathomimetics, topical steroids, and vasodilators
- Demodex mites—small organisms that naturally live on skin but are found in greater numbers on people with rosacea, especially in people with bumps and blemishes
As always, talk with your doctor about the symptoms you’re experiencing, and ask him or her how best to care for your rosacea and any other related conditions.